Gingivitis is a mild infection of the gums caused by bacteria. It is often painless, but the most noticeable symptoms are gums that bleed with you brush your teeth and bad breath.
Gingivitis can be cured by improving your oral hygiene and having your teeth professionally cleaned by a dental hygienist. If left untreated, gingivitis will become periodontitis, a more severe form of infection that affects the support structures of the teeth (gums, alveolar bone, cementum, etc.). Their degradation causes receding gums, dental instability and sometimes even tooth loss.
To treat this gum disease
Most cases of gingivitis can be cured by regular proper care and a professional cleaning.
Treating periodontitis is much more complex. The goal is to restore the support structures of the teeth. The recommended treatment plan can vary, depending on how serious the situation is. It involves removing bacteria and periodontal pockets. Good oral hygiene and regular follow-up are essential to prevent gum disease from recurring.