Endodontic and root canal treatments
A root canal or endodontic treatment is the treatment of the pulp or nerve and roots of the tooth. It is used to treat pulp or root infections, or even localized infections in the bone around the tooth.
Root canal treatments are recommended when:
- A patient experiences severe, throbbing pain, especially when lying down
- A deep, invasive cavity affects the nerve
- Infection, swelling or tooth abscess is detected
- A patient experiences sustained hypersensitivity
- A tooth is cracked or broken
- A tooth is devitalized
Root canal treatments are complex but effective since they preserve your natural tooth and its surrounding tissues (gums and bones).
We use advanced endodontic techniques to preserve your tooth.
First, an x-ray is taken to see the shape and length of the canals. Then, a local anaesthetic is administered.
- The tooth is opened to access the root.
- The infected pulp is removed completely.
- The canals are cleaned to eliminate all bacteria.
- The cavity and canals are sealed using airtight materials so that no other bacteria can penetrate.
- The restoration is installed. Crowns are usually best for rebuilding a tooth and restoring its strength. Simpler restorations can be used for teeth that are still strong.
The process leaves the tooth devitalized, but it allows the patient to keep their natural tooth.
A root canal can save your natural tooth. When possible, keeping your natural teeth is always the preferred option. A devitalized tooth can still be used to chew and helps maintain the balance and stability of your other teeth. Also, preserving your natural tooth is better for jaw bone health. In fact, it stimulates mouth tissues and muscles and strengthens the bone structure. Thus, keeping your tooth prevents bone loss.
Thanks to new technological advances, a root canal treatment can now be performed quickly and painlessly. It can be done under carefully monitored local anaesthetic. Because the procedure takes time, we pay special attention to keeping you comfortable. Two appointments may be needed to complete the treatment.
After the procedure, all pain should be gone. However, it’s normal for teeth to be sensitive for a few days. Pain medications are usually prescribed to provide relief. And, since the tooth has been devitalized, you shouldn’t feel any pain at all.
Although root canals are relatively common, do your best to avoid needing them. Never leave a cavity untreated. The sooner a cavity is detected, the simpler the treatment. If a cavity becomes painful, call your dentist right away.